Apparel and clothing are the items that people wear on their body. Typically, they are made of fabrics, but have also been made of animal skin, thin sheets of material, and natural products. Throughout history, the clothing worn by people has evolved and changed. Its purpose has also changed, but the main purpose is to keep humans warm.
There are many different styles of apparel and clothing. One of the most popular is called grunge. It originated in Seattle in the 1980s and is a casual look characterized by layering and an oversize silhouette. Some popular pieces include ripped jeans and disheveled skirts. Another popular style is haute couture, which is highly customized and requires several hours of work.
Materials for apparel and clothing are diverse and come in many forms. Traditional textiles include animal and plant hairs, while modern garments are generally made of chemicals and petroleum products. A disruption in the supply chain due to the coronavirus in Bangladesh has severely impacted the garment industry, and raw material costs are escalating.
Fabrics are woven from various materials and are vital to designers’ designs. There are natural and synthetic fabrics, which are separated into two groups based on the materials they contain. Natural fabrics are made from naturally occurring materials. They are made from cellulose, protein, and mineral fibers. Natural fabrics have the advantage of being more durable, but synthetic materials are stronger and are more costly than natural fabrics.
Synthetic fabrics are the most common form of textiles, and include most of the primary fabrics. The most common synthetic fabric, polyester, is made from petroleum-based fibers. This material is extremely malleable at certain temperatures and solidifies once it cools. It has numerous benefits, including being as strong as steel and light as paper. It also provides peak wash and wear performance. However, the production of polyester contributes to greenhouse gas emissions and microplastics.
Apparel and clothing are necessary to protect the wearer from the elements. This includes protecting against wind damage, providing thermal insulation, and preventing sunburn. However, the need for clothing may be reduced if a person has access to shelter. There are also regional and seasonal aspects to clothing. In hotter climates, people wear thinner materials and fewer layers of clothing. In colder climates, specialized clothing is often worn to protect from rain and wind.
In the apparel and clothing manufacturing industry, different departments have different functions. The production department focuses on the production of garments in accordance with the buyers’ orders and ensures on time delivery. Under this department, there are three departments: cutting, sewing, and finishing.
Apparel and clothing are fabrics that are used for decoration, protection, or identification. There are several classifications of these fabrics. The various types of garments reflect various styles and uses. The textile industry is vast and involves many different sectors. The textile industry is the second largest employer in the country, next to agriculture.
Apparel is categorized into categories based on what it is made of, how it is made, and what it is for. For example, women’s dresses fall into the dress category. Women’s dresses are classified as either one or two-piece styles, and men’s clothing is divided into two categories: dressy and business attire. There are also separate categories for sports apparel and active wear.
Fabrics can also be classified according to their structure, yarn size, and condition. In addition to these, the classifications may be based on their end use.
Apparel and clothing market is highly fragmented, with a few large players dominating the industry. The top ten players account for around 9.15% of the market. Major players in the market include Adidas AG, Hanesbrands Inc., Nike Inc., and Christian Dior SE. Other key players include Aditya Birla Group and PVH Corporation.
According to a report by Euromonitor, the global apparel market will grow at an average of 8.1% per year, with the largest growth projected in China and the United States. The US apparel market will grow by 7.4% between 2021 and 2022, while the rest of the world is expected to grow at a 6.1% CAGR. The Asian market is projected to account for 38% of global apparel demand.